Traditional design of the Lublin region

by Agnieszka Ławicka

Multicultural Lubelszczyzna

The Lublin Region (Lubelszczyzna) is a varied land – physiographically, geographically and ethnographically. Lubelszczyzna’s folk culture has been shaped by the region’s ethnic subregions (such as the Lublin Powiśle, the Lublin Upland, southern Podlasie, Chełmszczyzna, Zamojszczyzna) with their distinct traditions as well as migration processes and shifting national borders [read more]

 

WOOD CARVING

Rural households could remain self-sufficient thanks to the support of craftsmen. They were the ones who had the knowledge, well-equipped workshops, sets of proper tools and skills to use them [read more]

Forma do sera, pocz. XX w., Lubelszczyzna

ARTISTIC METALWORK

After property rights were granted to peasants in the second half of the 19th century and their financial situation improved, more people wanted to emphasize and display their wealth by elegant and decorative clothes, ornaments in and on their homes and ornate everyday objects [read more]

Zwieńczenie krzyża, 1905 r., pow. Biłgoraj

POTTERY

Potters from the Lubelszczyzna region created characteristic grey pottery (called siwiaki) and biscuit ware in different shades of red and brown. The pottery was often glazed in brown, red, green, ochre, white and cream coating – the glaze strengthened the items and made them more aesthetic and decorative [read more]

Doniczka, Stanisław Gajewski, 1947 r., Urzędów pow. Kraśnik

CLOTHING DECORATION

Ornamentation in folk clothing has been developing since Renaissance and Baroque. Sources from the 18th century describe various adornments [read more]

Gorset (strój włodawski), pocz.  XX w., pow. Włodawa

INTERIOR DECORATIONS

Towards the end of the 19th century, village houses in the Lubelszczyzna region, which were usually adorned with painted or carved furniture and religious paintings, started to be decorated with colourful bedspreads, paper window curtains, paper cut ornaments (shaped like a circle, star, rosette, square) hung on ceilings and walls, colourful ornaments suspended from the ceiling called pająki (spiders – made of straw, grains, beans, peas, feathers, wool, flaxen or hemp thread, colourful paper, cloth, horsehair, bulrush, wood shavings, blown eggs), artificial flower bouquets on home altars, painted pottery displayed on shelves and in dressers, tapestries with floral motifs or fairytale landscapes [read more]

Wycinanka (kogut), Ignacy Dobrzyński, 1955 r., Miesiące pow. Puławy

POPULAR MOTIFS

Traditional art of the rural community, with its many motifs, patterns and ornaments, had a different function than the art of the educated social classes. It predominantly served as a uniting and integrating factor. It forged identity, emphasized distinctive features, informed, offered a link to the past and memory. Crafted items were not only aesthetic, but functional [read more]

Pisanka (drzewko), 1972 r., pow. Kraśnik

Translated by Beata Marczyńska-Fedorowicz

The text is a compendium of design from the multicultural Lubelszczyzna region.